Earth Is One Big Water Generator
The water cycle is one of the most beneficial earth cycles that has been around since the beginning of water generation. The original water generator, earth.
This huge water generator cycle first starts by taking water, that was formed millions of years ago, into the atmosphere. This step of the cycle is crucial in the process as a whole, along with all the other steps. For the cycle to work properly all steps of the cycle must continuously be working to move and recycle the water that was formed millions of years ago. This step of the process is called evaporation. Evaporation occurs when the climate around the water is heated to a temperature above 32 degrees Fahrenheit. At this point, the water starts to evaporate slowly.
The more energy, or heat, supplied to the water molecules, the faster the water evaporates. Have you ever noticed when water boils for a while it will be at a lower point than it was before? The reason that this happens is that the amount of heat that is being supplied to the water is causing a reaction, causing the H2O to form a gas.
Another form of evaporation is through plants, this form of evaporation is called transpiration. This is part of the evaporation step in the water cycle. As the earth heats up from the suns rays the water gets pulled from the plant’s cells and then gets placed in the atmosphere. The amount of water that gets pulled is not nearly as much as the evaporation of large bodies of water, but it is still a sufficient amount to effect the water cycle as whole across the globe.
Once the H2O is in its gaseous form it then starts to condense. The condensing of the H2O molecules occurs when the air cools down the molecules, slowing their movement which then causes the molecules to bond together because of their adhesive properties. As the molecules move through the air, more and more of the individual molecules group together and then start to form clumps of water, known as clouds. These clouds form into giants and are known as Cumulous Numbus.
Cumulus Nimbus clouds are known to many as thunder clouds, storm clouds, boomers and much more. What happens is these clouds accumulate so much water that they start to form cloud stacks and ascend through the troposphere. At a certain point in the troposphere, the clouds start to separate and create an anvil.
As the clouds get heavier and heavier and increase in density, they start to drop water. This step in the water cycle is known as precipitation. The water falls from the sky and accumulates in lakes, ponds, rivers, water basins and more. The water that doesn’t end up where water has accumulated, will eventually. When the atmosphere is very cold, because of our distance from the sun, the water in the clouds starts to turn into its solid form, known as ice or snow. As snow flakes start to fall and gather up on top of the highest ridges, it creates glaciers.
Glaciers are hard pact water sources that, in most cases, stay through the seasons depending on the weather. Though they do stay, they still disperse water through the warm months. The amount of fresh water that comes from these glaciers is immense and supplies regions across the world with their fresh water. This is known as water runoff. Which is a byproduct of the precipitation step in the water cycle.
Once the water has run off the mountain tops and has accumulated below it can then start evaporating again. To more understand the water cycle it’s easier to look at it in the form of steps. The problem with looking at it like this though is water is constantly doing every step all at once in different areas across the globe. Keep in mind that it all happens all the time and the globe is constantly recycling the same water that has been here for a long time. Not to say that water doesn’t form from the two elements it’s made from in our current time, but most of it was formed millions of years ago. That is how our oceans were created.
The Beginning of Time Here on Earth
When the earth was first formed there wasn’t any water on it. It was a big mass of rock that was hurling through space at insane speeds. Dating back to about 4.6 billion years ago is when the first water to appear on earth showed up. This has been speculated by the scientists working under national geographic. Whether this is the true number or not, it was still a LONG time ago. So with that being said it had to have been created. Scientists have studied this issue with immense detail and have yet to create a factual understanding of how it got here.
They say that when the earth was first created, it was basically a big molten rock flying through space releasing gas from the immense pressure that was put on the molten core. the gas was released through volcanic eruption, spraying the gas through out the atmosphere. The element, that was released, was mainly Carbon di Oxide and Cabon Monoxide(CO2 and CO). These molecules atomic structures already have one of the necessary components to create water. The only other thing needed to create water is the element hydrogen. Hydrogen is one of the most basic elements in the periodic table with only one proton, neutron, and electron. With that being said, it’s not that much of a coincidence that hydrogen was in our atmosphere. So with that being said we now have the two elements needed to create H2O.
Creation of Water
When that giant molten rock was hurdling through space, the amount of heat that was comming from the oceans, rivers, and ponds of lava was extreeme. For water to form it was a simple temperature boost that would start this reaction. The reaction starts to occure at 300-400 degrees celceus. Then producess H2O and Methane. The process in which these elements are created is called Sabatier Reaction. This complexity that is semingly simple created the most important element to human kind, water.
Thats where the H2O Machine comes in. The water cycle is a process we’ve looked at as an example to create a water machine that will collect water from the air. When water is in the air we reduce the temperature inside the machine to allow condensation. For a further explaination on this complex machine you can click the link below.
“Sabatier Reaction.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 7 Aug. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabatier_reaction.
“Mystery of Earth’s Water Origin Solved.” National Geographic, National Geographic Society, 30 Oct. 2014, news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/10/141030-starstruck-earth-water-origin-vesta-science/.