Earth Is One Big Water Generator
The water cycle is one of the most beneficial earth cycles that has been around since the beginning of water generation. The original water generator, Earth.
This huge water generator cycle first starts by taking water, that was formed millions of years ago, into the atmosphere. This step of the cycle is crucial in the process as a whole, followed by all the other steps. For the cycle to work properly, all steps of the cycle must continuously be working to move and recycle the water that was formed millions of years ago. This step of the process is called evaporation. Evaporation occurs when the climate around the water is heated to a temperature above 32 degrees Fahrenheit. At this point, the water starts to evaporate slowly.
The more energy, or heat, supplied to the water molecules, the faster the water evaporates. Have you ever noticed when water boils for a while it will be at a lower point than it was before? The reason that this happens is that the amount of heat that is being supplied to the water is causing a reaction, causing the H2O to form a gas.
Another form of evaporation is through plants, this form of evaporation is called transpiration. This is part of the evaporation step in the water cycle. As the earth heats up from the sun’s rays, the water gets pulled from the plant’s cells and then gets placed in the atmosphere. The amount of water that gets pulled is not nearly as much as the evaporation of large bodies of water but is still a sufficient amount to affect the water cycle as a whole across the globe.
Once the H2O is in its gaseous form, it then starts to condense. The condensing of the H2O molecules occurs when the air cools down the molecules, slowing their movement. This then causes the molecules to bond together because of their adhesive properties. As the molecules move through the air, more and more of the individual molecules group together and start to form clumps of water, known as clouds. These clouds form into giants called Cumulonimbus clouds.
Cumulonimbus clouds are known to many as thunder clouds, storm clouds, boomers and much more. These clouds accumulate so much water that they start to form cloud stacks and ascend through the troposphere. At a certain point in the troposphere, the clouds start to separate and create an anvil.
As the clouds get heavier and increase in density, they start to drop water. This step in the water cycle is known as precipitation. The water droplets fall from the sky and accumulate in lakes, ponds, rivers, water basins and more. When the atmosphere is very cold, due to our distance from the sun, the water in the clouds turn into its solid form of ice or snow. As snowflakes start to fall and gather up on top of the highest ridges, it creates glaciers.
Glaciers are hard pact water sources that, in most cases, stay through the seasons depending on the weather. Though they do stay, they will disperse water through the warm months. The amount of fresh water that comes from these glaciers is immense and supplies regions across the world with fresh water. This is known as water runoff, a byproduct of the precipitation step in the water cycle.
Once the water has run off the mountain tops and has accumulated below, it can then start evaporating again. To more understand the water cycle, it’s easier to look at it in the form of steps. Keep in mind that water is constantly doing every step all at once in different areas across the globe, and the globe is continuously recycling the same water that has been here for millions of years. Not to say that water doesn’t form from the two elements it’s made from in our current time, just most of it was formed millions of years ago. That is how our oceans were created.
The Beginning of Time Here on Earth
When the earth was first formed, there wasn’t any water on it. It was a large mass of rock that was hurling through space at incredible speeds. The first water appeared on Earth about 4.6 billion years ago, according to scientists working under National Geographic. Whether this is the true date or not, it was still created a LONG time ago. Scientists have studied this issue with immense detail and have yet to create a factual understanding of how water got to Earth.
They say that when the earth was first created, it was a big molten rock flying through space releasing gas from the immense pressure that was put on the molten core. The gas was released through volcanic eruption, spraying the gas throughout the atmosphere. The compounds that were released were mainly Carbon Dioxide and Cabon Monoxide(CO2 and CO). These molecules’ atomic structures already have one of the necessary elements to create water and are only missing the Hydrogen element. Hydrogen is one of the most basic elements in the periodic table with only one proton, neutron, and electron. It’s not surprising that hydrogen was in our atmosphere due to how simple the element is. The atmosphere combined the Hydrogen and the Oxygen, creating H2O.
Creation of Water
When that giant molten rock was hurtling through space, the amount of heat that was coming from the oceans, rivers, and ponds of lava was extreme. For water to form, it was a simple temperature boost to 300 – 400 degrees Celsius to start this reaction. Then it produces H2O and Methane. The process in which these elements are created is called the Sabatier Reaction. This seemingly simple complexity created the most important element to humankind, water.
That’s where the H2O Machine comes in. The water cycle is a process we’ve studied as an example to create a water machine that will collect water from the air. When water is in the air, we reduce the temperature inside the machine to allow condensation. For a further explanation of this complex machine, you can click the link below.
“Sabatier Reaction.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 7 Aug. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabatier_reaction.
“Mystery of Earth’s Water Origin Solved.” National Geographic, National Geographic Society, 30 Oct. 2014, news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/10/141030-starstruck-earth-water-origin-vesta-science/.